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International Journal of Sciences and Applied Research (IJSAR) is a peer reviewed, open access International Scientific Journal dedicated for rapid publication of high quality original research articles as well as review articles in major areas of basic and applied sciences. International Journal of Sciences and Applied Research is published monthly. IJSAR with an internationally recognized editorial board emphasizes on producing high quality research content in a timely manner.

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IJSAR

Tittle : STUDY OF INCIDENCE AND PREVALENCE OF AUTO IMMUNE DISEASES IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

Author(s) : D.Bhavani Shankar*, Asma Juveria, B.Akshitha Reddy, N.Nikitha Reddy, Amatul Ali Sameera

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Abstract:

Aim and objectives: Our aim was to evaluate the incidence and prevalence of autoimmune diseases in a tertiary care hospital.
Materials and Methods: An observational and retrospective study of incidence and prevalence of autoimmune diseases was carried out in Aware Gleneagles Global Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana. Approximately a total of 10,000 patients were studied out of them 110 patients were diagnosed with autoimmune diseases.
Results: Approximately one case of autoimmune disease was seen for every 100 patients. The ratio of prevalence of autoimmune diseases to other diseases was found to be 1:9. A total of 21 different types of autoimmune diseases were obtained, the most prevalent are GB syndrome, Hashimoto thyroiditis, RA, and SLE, and a significant increase of incidence of autoimmune disease was observed from 2017-2021, especially in the case of GB syndrome. Among the 110 patients, 73 were affected with a single autoimmune disease and 37 patients were suffering from two autoimmune diseases (secondary AID caused by a primary AID).
Conclusion: The incidence and prevalence of autoimmune diseases have been significantly increasing from 2017 to 2021, 21 different types of autoimmune diseases were diagnosed; it was observed that women were more prone to be diagnosed with the autoimmune disease than men.  A total of 37 patients were found to be suffering from secondary autoimmune disease, with a majority of patients suffering from co morbid conditions like hypertension and diabetes mellitus.

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