ISSN NO:2394-2401 (Online)

ISSN NO:2394-384X (Print)





International Journal of Sciences and Applied Research (IJSAR) is a peer reviewed, open access International Scientific Journal dedicated for rapid publication of high quality original research articles as well as review articles in major areas of basic and applied sciences. International Journal of Sciences and Applied Research is published monthly. IJSAR with an internationally recognized editorial board emphasizes on producing high quality research content in a timely manner.

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Tittle : Clinical features of patients infected with novel corona virus (COVID 19) in Lahore, Pakistan

Author(s) : Ghazala Rubi*, Muhammad Sharjeel Ilyas, Tamknat Ilyas, Muhammad Adil, Musbih Ul Qayyum Zia*, Muhammad Yousaf Rana, Mubbasher Munir, Muhammad Haroon Bhatti

Abstract      Download PDF


Corona virus is a virulent virus capable of producing respiratory disease. A recently identified strain (SARS-CoV-2) of coronavirus, has caused a worldwide pandemic of respiratory illness, called COVID-19. The objective of this study was to identify the clinical features of coronavirus disease 2019 in confirmed cases. This project was designed for retrospective analysis of COVID-19 patients, these patients were admitted in Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan during April 24 to august 24, 2020. The mean age of COVID-19 patients was 55 years. The male patients accounted for 68%. None of the patient was asymptomatic while Common symptoms at onset of illness were low grade fever (72%), Cough, Malaise, Chest Pain, Tightness, Sore throat without any warning sign (28%), Shortness of Breath with respiratory Rate > 25/min (50%) while (20%) patients developed Respiratory Rate > 30/Min, SpO 2 levels < 93 % were presented in (50%) patients; less common symptoms were High Grade Fever> 100 degree Centigrade (10%). In critically ill patients respiratory Failure (where mechanical ventilation required) developed in (28%) patients and (4%) developed septic shock. Co-morbid conditions presented with the covid-19 were cardiovascular disease (22%), Diabetes Mellitus (24%), asthma (2%), COPD (52%) and kidney disease (4%). There was increase in C-reactive protein (CRP) level (28%), D-Dimer (28%), LDH level (28%), ferritin (30%). None of the patient had developed Confusion, Lethargy, Agitation, Restlessness, and Multi Organ Disfunction Syndrome. Five (10%) of 50 patients expired while others had shown significant improvement in health. The most common symptoms of covid-19 patient at onset of illness were low grade fever, Shortness of Breath, low SpO2 levels, Cough, Malaise, Chest Pain, Tightness leading to respiratory failure and increased levels in C-reactive protein, D-Dimer, LDH and ferritin. Co-morbid conditions presented with the covid-19 were cardiovascular disease and Diabetes Mellitus.

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