ISSN NO:2394-2401 (Online)

ISSN NO:2394-384X (Print)

IMPACT FACTOR:4.635

CALL FOR PAPERS      SUBMISSION LAST DATE   31th July, 2020 FOR AUGUST ISSUE      

INTERNATIONAL INDEXED JOURNAL                            MONTHLY PRINTED

Introduction

International Journal of Sciences and Applied Research (IJSAR) is a peer reviewed, open access International Scientific Journal dedicated for rapid publication of high quality original research articles as well as review articles in major areas of basic and applied sciences. International Journal of Sciences and Applied Research is published monthly. IJSAR with an internationally recognized editorial board emphasizes on producing high quality research content in a timely manner.

We intend to build mutually beneficial and long-lasting relationships with our authors and provide them full support throughout the publishing and the post-publishing processes.

IJSAR

Tittle : Mycoflora and nutritional composition of Chrysophyllum albidum fruits/ seed oil

Author(s) : *Akpe, Azuka Romanus, Okwu, Grace Ifeoma, Abu, Dirisumedinat, Femi Imah Justus

Abstract      Download PDF

Abstract:

Chrysophyllum albidum is primarily cultivated for their sweet fleshy fruit and has been reported as an excellent source of vitamin C, iron and other nutrients. Nevertheless, it is deteriorated by different species of fungi. This present study examined the nutritional, proximate and physicochemical composition and fungi species associated with the deterioration of Chrysophyllum albidumfruits. Standard procedures were used for the analysis. Results showed that the fungi associated with Chrysophyllum albidumfruit were Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus fumigatus, Rhizopus stolonifer, Fusarium oxysporium, Sacharomyces cerevisiaeand Candida albican. Of these, Rhizopus stolonifer was the most predominant.The range of values for the proximate composition were; crude protein (5.74±0.64 – 9.75±0.43), carbohydrate (15.17±0.65 – 37.37±2.16), crude fibre (10.13±0.75 – 92.11±2.54), crude fat (2.67±0.23 – 8.35±1.01), ash (4.25±0.29 – 7.20±0.44), moisture content (26.74±2.72 – 65.80±2.39) and energy value (123.71±0.24 – 247.59±0.62).The range of the vitamins and mineral contents of the pulp were vitamin C (25.26±0.58 – 54.37±2.20), vitamin A (0.07±0.01 – 1.11±0.14), calcium (29.04±1.16 – 40.80±0.95), magnesium (20.58±0.39 – 24.95±0.32), phosphorus (3.53±0.12 – 9.06±0.63), sodium (4.53±0.39 – 6.30±0.59), iron (0.78±0.24 – 1.39±0.06) and zinc (4.84±0.26 – 7.92±0.54).The pH, titrable acidity and viscosity of the fruits pulp ranged from 5.46+0.12 – 6.83±0.38, 0.97±0.08 – 1.69±0.02 and 12.67±3.393 – 35.37±2.12 respectively. The seed oil yield is 8.75% and is liquid room temperature with brownish-red colour and a sweet smelling flavour. It has an acid value of 4.30±0.31mgkOH/g, free fatty acid (FFA) of 2.19±0.15mgkOH/g, saponification value of 198.90±0.10mgkOH/g, iodine value of 33.8±0.52mg/100mg, peroxide value of 1.54±0.08mgeq/kg, specific gravity value of 0.91±0.02 and refractive index of 1.459±0.30. The microbiological and nutritional implications of these findings are hereby discussed.

Printed and Published by: SOFTLINK Publication Network, INDIA
All rights reserved © www.ijsar.in

Disclaimer: Articles on IJSAR have been previewed and authenticated by the Authors before sending the publication for print. The Journal,
Editor and the editorial board are not entitled or liable to either justify or responsible for inaccurate and misleading data if any. It is the sole responsibility of the Author concerned.